2015-2016

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A. Background

In addition to the Criminal Code of Canada, gaming activities in Québec are governed by two legislations: the Act respecting the Société des loteries du Québec (1978) and the Act respecting lotteries, publicity contests, and amusement machines (1978).

Loto-Québec, a state agent with a single shareholder (the Minister of Finance), was created in 1969 and given the mandate to operate a state lottery in the Province. Its powers with regard to gaming are set out in the Act respecting the Société des loteries du Québec. Loto-Québec also operates four casinos, two gaming centres, a VLT network, satellite bingo and Internet Gambling. Although Loto-Québec could have operated casinos without legislative change, a Liquor, Racing, and Gaming Board (LRGB) was established in 1993 (The Régie des alcools, des courses et des jeux). As set out in the Act respecting lotteries, publicity contests, and amusement machines, the LRGB has certain surveillance authority over casinos and VLTs; it does not have surveillance authority over other lottery activities of Loto-Québec. The Minister of Public Security is responsible for the LRGB.
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