Legislation, Regulation & Policies
Gambling in Canada is an illegal activity except where it is made legal through provisions set out in the Criminal Code of Canada and sanctioned under the authority of each province. The Government of Canada has minimal involvement in gambling beyond Criminal Code prohibitions and permissions. In 1985, an agreement between federal and provincial governments established annual provincial payments to the federal government to assure that only provinces can authorize gambling.
Some key Criminal Code provisions related to games of chance, lotteries, horse racing, and pari-mutuel betting are outlined below.